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Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2001;21(1):19-36.

Juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome: proposed management using a cognitive-behavioral approach.

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  • 1Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1H 8L1.


In recent years, fibromyalgia has become an increasingly recognized chronic syndrome. Although it occurs more frequently in adults, it is also seen among school-age children and adolescents. In such cases, it is known as juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFS). The widespread pain and other possible symptoms associated with JFS can have a negative impact on the occupational performance and developmental tasks of children and adolescents. As experts in the areas of occupational performance, daily functional skills, and child development, occupational therapists have a potential role to play in the assessment and management of children and adolescents with JFS. To date, however, no occupational therapy management approach for clients with JFS has been documented in the professional literature. In this paper, we outline the clinical features of JFS, pertinent assessment areas, and potential management strategies using a cognitive-behavioral approach.

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