Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2001 Nov;25(5):600-5.

Effect of anti-mIL-9 antibody on the development of pulmonary inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness in allergic mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Allergy, Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07003, USA. ted.kung@spcorp.com

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-9 is a T-cell-derived cytokine with pleiotropic activities on T helper 2 cells, B cells, and mast cells. IL-9 may therefore play an important role in the development of allergic pulmonary inflammatory diseases. In this study, an antimouse IL-9 (anti-mIL-9) antibody (Ab) was evaluated against pulmonary eosinophilia, histopathologic changes in lung tissues, serum immunoglobulin (Ig) E levels, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine in mice sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA). Additionally, steady-state levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and interferon-gamma messenger RNA (mRNA) in the lungs were measured. The anti-mIL-9 Ab (200 microg/mouse, intraperitoneally) was given as either four doses during the sensitization period or as a single dose before OVA challenge. Sensitized mice challenged with OVA displayed marked pulmonary eosinophilia, epithelial damage, and goblet cell hyperplasia. OVA challenge also increased mRNA levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 in the lungs. AHR was also increased twofold in sensitized, challenged mice. Treatment of sensitized, challenged mice with four doses of anti-mIL-9 Ab significantly reduced pulmonary eosinophilia, serum IgE levels, goblet cell hyperplasia, airway epithelial damage, and AHR, but had no effect on IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 mRNA levels in the lungs. A single dose of the antibody was ineffective on all measures. These results indicate that an antibody to mIL-9 inhibits the development of allergic pulmonary inflammation and AHR in mice.

PMID:
11713102
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk