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J Craniofac Surg. 2001 Nov;12(6):565-8.

Surgical techniques in the treatment of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: our experience and review of literature.

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  • 1Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Rome, La Sapienza, Italy.

Abstract

This paper presents a retrospective study carried out on a sample of 100 patients affected by pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland and treated at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Rome "La Sapienza" between January 1, 1989 and December 31, 1997. For the diagnosis of this neoformation, cytological tests were performed on material taken from the neoformation using fine needle aspiration and ultrasound scan. In some selected cases, a CT examination of the head and neck with medium contrast or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) was carried out. This study sets out to examine the most suitable treatment to be followed for the removal of the pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. In 56 cases the patients underwent a superficial, conservative parotidectomy. Forty one patients had a total parotidectomy with the facial nerve left intact and one patient had a total parotidectomy where the marginal mandibular nerve of the facial nerve was damaged. The remaining two patients involved in the study were suffering from a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma and in these two cases a total parotidectomy was performed where the facial nerve was killed. The removal of the cranial nerve VII in these patients proved necessary because the nerve fibers had adhered to the surrounding scar tissue of the tumor, either after previous surgery or due to repeated chronic phlogosis of the gland.

PMID:
11711824
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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