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Virchows Arch. 2001 Oct;439(4):552-9.

Influence of the microenvironment on invasiveness of human bladder carcinoma cell lines.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


To investigate the importance of the microenvironment in bladder cancer invasion, a panel of six bladder carcinoma cell lines (SD, RT112, JON, 1207, T24, and J82) was tested in both in vitro and in vivo invasion assays. Furthermore, invasiveness was correlated with the expression of components of the E-cadherin-catenin complex. The E-cadherin-negative cell lines, T24 and J82, displayed a high in vitro invasive capacity, whereas the E-cadherin-positive cell lines, SD and JON, completely lacked in vitro invasive capacity. In contrast, in vivo invasion was noted for all cell lines, with the exception of cell line JON. Most notably, SD formed highly invasive tumors in vivo. The in vivo invasiveness of the E-cadherin-positive bladder carcinoma cell lines was associated with a heterogeneous expression of the E-cadherin-catenin complex. The discrepancy between in vitro and in vivo invasive behavior implies that, in vivo, the microenvironment plays an important role in the establishment of the invasive phenotype. In addition, it was found that orthotopic xenografting of 1207 and T24 bladder carcinoma cells resulted in site-specific tumor take and an enhanced tumor outgrowth and invasiveness, respectively, compared with heterotopic (i.e., subcutaneous) inoculation. We conclude that the site-specific growth and invasion of the bladder carcinoma cell lines in vivo and the observed assay specific invasion (in vitro vs in vivo) points to an effect of the local (bladder) microenvironment on tumor cell behavior.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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