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Hum Mol Genet. 2001 Oct 15;10(22):2525-37.

Hyper-expression of human apolipoprotein E4 in astroglia and neurons does not enhance amyloid deposition in transgenic mice.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 720 Rutland Avenue, Ross Building-Room 558, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


Recent studies in mice have clearly demonstrated that eliminating Apo E alters the rate, character and distribution of A beta deposits. In the present study, we asked whether elevating the levels of Apo E can, in a dominant fashion, influence amyloid deposition. We expressed human (Hu) Apo E4 via the mouse prion protein promoter, resulting in high expression in both astrocytes and neurons; only astrocytes efficiently secreted Hu Apo E4 (at least 5-fold more than endogenous). Mice hyper-expressing Hu Apo E4 developed normally and lived normal lifespans. The co-expression of Hu Apo E4 with a mutant amyloid precursor protein (APP) (Mo/Hu APPswe) or mutant APP and mutant presenilin (PS1dE9) did not lead to proportional changes in the age of appearance, relative burden, character or distribution of A beta deposits. We suggest that these data are best explained by proposing that the mechanisms by which Apo E influences A beta deposition involves an aspect of its normal function that is not augmented by hyper-expression.

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