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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jan 4;277(1):9-12. Epub 2001 Nov 13.

Jab1 interacts directly with HIF-1alpha and regulates its stability.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735, Korea.


Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a master transcription factor that controls transcriptional activation of a number of genes responsive to the low cellular oxygen tension, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), erythropoietin, and glycolytic enzymes. The stability and activity of HIF-1alpha are regulated by binding to various proteins such as pVHL, p53, and p300/CBP. Here, using the yeast two-hybrid screening system, we found that HIF-1alpha interacts with Jab1 (Jun activation domain-binding protein-1), which is a coactivator of AP-1 transcription factor and fifth subunit of COP9 signalosome complex. The interaction of Jab1 with HIF-1alpha was confirmed by GST pull-down assay and also reproduced in vivo in HEK 293 cells, where endogenous Jab1 was coimmunoprecipitated with the overexpressed HIF-1alpha. Moreover, Jab1-enhanced transcriptional activity of HIF-1 under hypoxia led to increase the expression of VEGF, a major HIF-1 target gene. Furthermore, Jab1 increased HIF-1alpha protein levels, which was due to the enhanced HIF-1alpha stability. The binding of HIF-1alpha and p53 tumor suppressor protein, negative regulator of HIF-1alpha stability, was interfered in a Jab1-dependent manner. Taken together, these results indicate that Jab1 should be considered as a novel regulator of HIF-1alpha stability via direct interaction.

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