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Genomics. 2001 Nov;78(1-2):91-8.

Characterization of the gene EPAC2: structure, chromosomal localization, tissue expression, and identification of the liver-specific isoform.

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  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1, Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.


The liver-specific protein cAMP-GEFII (also known as Epac2) belongs to a family of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) binding proteins having guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity (the cAMP-GEF family). Here we clone the gene EPAC2, encoding cAMP-GEFII, from a human liver cDNA library. Human EPAC2 has at least 31 exons and is mapped to human chromosome 2q31. Analyses by primer extension, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and in situ hybridization revealed the presence of three transcription start sites of liver-specific Epac2: two major sites located in exon 10 and a minor site in intron 9. The same translation start site is used in all three transcripts. Liver-specific cAMP-GEFII protein, which lacks the first cAMP-binding domain and the Dishevelled/Egl-10/Pleckstrin domain, was detected at 79 kDa by immunoblot analysis, confirming the presence of the short form of cAMP-GEFII in the liver. Liver-specific cAMP-GEFII also has GEF activity toward Rap1. These results demonstrate the presence of liver-specific cAMP-GEFII. Together with the previous finding that cAMP-GEFII is responsible for cAMP-dependent exocytosis in secretory cells, our study suggests that cAMP-GEFII may have a distinct role in liver.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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