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Circulation. 2001 Nov 13;104(20):2465-70.

Adverse hemodynamic effects of interrupting chest compressions for rescue breathing during cardiopulmonary resuscitation for ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest.

Author information

  • 1University of Arizona College of Medicine, Steele Memorial Children's Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Sarver Heart Center, Tucson, Arizona, USA. rberg@peds.arizona.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite improving arterial oxygen saturation and pH, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with chest compressions plus rescue breathing (CC+RB) has not improved survival from ventricular fibrillation (VF) compared with chest compressions alone (CC) in numerous animal models and 2 clinical investigations.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

After 3 minutes of untreated VF, 14 swine (32+/-1 kg) were randomly assigned to receive CC+RB or CC for 12 minutes, followed by advanced cardiac life support. All 14 animals survived 24 hours, 13 with good neurological outcome. For the CC+RB group, the aortic relaxation pressures routinely decreased during the 2 rescue breaths. Therefore, the mean coronary perfusion pressure of the first 2 compressions in each compression cycle was lower than those of the final 2 compressions (14+/-1 versus 21+/-2 mm Hg, P<0.001). During each minute of CPR, the number of chest compressions was also lower in the CC+RB group (62+/-1 versus 92+/-1 compressions, P<0.001). Consequently, the integrated coronary perfusion pressure was lower with CC+RB during each minute of CPR (P<0.05 for the first 8 minutes). Moreover, at 2 to 5 minutes of CPR, the median left ventricular blood flow by fluorescent microsphere technique was 60 mL. 100 g(-1). min(-1) with CC+RB versus 96 mL. 100 g(-1). min(-1) with CC, P<0.05. Because the arterial oxygen saturation was higher with CC+RB, the left ventricular myocardial oxygen delivery did not differ.

CONCLUSIONS:

Interrupting chest compressions for rescue breathing can adversely affect hemodynamics during CPR for VF.

PMID:
11705826
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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