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Schizophr Res. 2001 Dec 1;52(3):145-60.

Schizophrenia spectrum disorders: an autosomal-wide scan in multiplex pedigrees.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA. garverdl@msn.com


Genome-wide linkage studies, examining the relationship between the schizophrenia syndrome(s) and possible susceptibility regions within the human genome have identified multiple regions within which linkage to the syndrome may be explored. No regions have been found to provide supportive evidence for linkage in all cohorts. These findings are consistent with the schizophrenia syndrome being genetically heterogeneous, with genetic susceptibility arising from multiple sites which are differentially distributed in from pedigree to pedigree. The authors present data from an autosomal-wide scan of 30 multiplex pedigrees, each with a mean of 4.1 members affected with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder with respect to regions of interest for linkage with the schizophrenia spectrum disease(s). Partial, though not significant replications of susceptibility sites at D1S518 (P=0.029) described by Shaw et al. (1998: Shaw, S.H., Kelly, M., Smith, A.B., Shields, G., Hopkins, P.J., Loftus, J., Laval, S.H., Vita, A., DeHert, M., Cardon, L.R., Crow, T.J., Sherrington, R., DeLisi, L.E., 1998. A Genome-wide search for schizophrenia susceptibility genes. Am. J. Med. Genet. (Neuropsychiatric Genet.) 81, 364-376.), and at D5S426 (P=0.015) described by : Silverman, J.M., Greenberg, D.A., Altstiel, L.D., Siever, L.J., Mohs, R.C., Smith, C.J., Zhou, G., Hollander, T.Y., Yang, X.-P., Kedache, M., Li, G., Zaccario, M.L., Davis, K.L., 1996. Evidence of a locus for schizophrenia and related disorders on the short arm of chromosome 5 in a large pedigree. Am. J. Med. Genet. 67, 162-171.) were documented using multipoint non-parametric (NPL) statistics. Two additional novel regions worthy of further investigation were identified at D1S1150 (P=0.004) and at D20S171 (P=0.009). Previously reported genomic regions of interest for the schizophrenias are reviewed in the context of the same/flanking markers utilized with the present cohort of pedigrees. The data further suggests that only a fraction of pedigrees multiplex for schizophrenia link at any single susceptibility region.

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