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J Stud Alcohol. 2001 Sep;62(5):687-95.

Assessment of alcohol tolerance in adolescents.

Author information

  • 1Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. chungta@msx.upmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To improve assessment of the DSM-IV alcohol tolerance criterion in adolescents, this study tested the performance of a minimum percentage increase in drinking quantity, and a proxy measure of tolerance (i.e., average heavy-drinking quantity per occasion) in identifying adolescents with alcohol dependence.

METHOD:

Two adolescent samples were examined. In one sample (N = 415, 58% male, 79% white, 57% clinical), a modified version of the SCID was used to determine DSM-IV alcohol diagnoses, and lifetime drinking history data were collected by interview. In the second sample (N = 470, 60% male, 76% white, 100% clinical), the Adolescent Diagnostic Interview was used to determine DSM-IV alcohol diagnoses and to collect data on initial- and current-drinking quantities needed to become intoxicated. The performance of a percentage increase and average heavy-drinking quantity in identifying those with dependence was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic analysis.

RESULTS:

The utility of a percentage increase definition was limited by the high degree of variability in initial-drinking quantities. Percentage increase may underassign the tolerance symptom when initial-drinking quantities are high and overassign the symptom when initial-drinking quantities are low. Average heavy-drinking quantity per occasion, combined with a minimum frequency of drinking, demonstrated better performance than any percentage increase definition.

CONCLUSIONS:

Alternatives to a change-based (e.g., percentage increase) definition of tolerance warrant study due to limits of change-based definitions when initial-drinking quantity shows a high degree of variability. The variability in initial-drinking quantity may reflect individual differences in initial sensitivity that need to be considered in tolerance assessment.

PMID:
11702808
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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