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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Nov 16;288(5):1149-54.

Hypoxia down-regulates endostatin production by human microvascular endothelial cells and pericytes.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Vascular Biology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan.


Endostatin is a potent anti-angiogenic factor derived from the C-terminal region of collagen XVIII and is implicated in the regulation of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. In this study, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of poly(A+) RNA demonstrated the presence of mRNA for collagen XVIII in human endothelial cells (EC) and pericytes, the very constituents of microvessels wherein angiogenesis takes place. Enzyme immunoassay revealed that both cell types liberated endostatin into culture media and that the endostatin levels were decreased by hypoxia, the principal cause of angiogenesis. Northern and Western blot analyses revealed that while the collagen XVIII/endostatin mRNA levels were invariant between hypoxic and normoxic conditions, the collagen XVIII protein levels in EC and pericytes decreased by hypoxia. Further, exogenously administered intact endostatin was significantly decreased when it was incubated with hypoxic conditioned media of endothelial cells or pericytes, but not with normoxic media. The results suggest that the reduction of autocrine endostatin may take an active part in hypoxia-driven angiogenesis.

Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

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