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Cancer Res. 2001 Nov 1;61(21):8022-31.

Altered gene expression pattern in cultured human breast cancer cells treated with hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor in the setting of DNA damage.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, The Long Island Campus for the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Hyde Park, New York 11040, USA.


The cytokine hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) protects epithelial and cancer cells against DNA-damaging agents via a pathway involving signaling from c-Met --> phosphatidylinositol-3- kinase --> c-Akt. However, the downstream alterations in gene expression resulting from this pathway have not been established. On the basis of cDNA microarray and semiquantitative RT-PCR assays, we found that MDA-MB-453 human breast cancer cells preincubated with HGF/SF and then exposed to Adriamycin (ADR), a DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor, exhibit an altered pattern of gene expression, as compared with cells treated with ADR only. [HGF/SF+ADR]-treated cells showed altered expression of genes involved in the DNA damage response, cell cycle regulation, signal transduction, metabolism, and development. Some of these alterations suggest mechanisms by which HGF/SF may exert its protective activity, e.g., up-regulation of polycystic kidney disease-1 (a survival-promoting component of cadherin-catenin complexes), down-regulation of 51C (an inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase), and down-regulation of TOPBP1 (a topoisomerase IIB binding protein). We showed that enforced expression of the cdc42-interacting protein CIP4, a cytoskeleton-associated protein for which expression was decreased in [HGF/SF+ADR]-treated cells, inhibited HGF/SF-mediated protection against ADR. The cDNA microarray approach may open up new avenues for investigation of the DNA damage response and its regulation by HGF/SF.

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