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J Comp Physiol B. 2001 Oct;171(7):585-94.

Branchial versus intestinal silver toxicity and uptake in the marine teleost Parophrys vetulus.

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  • 1Bamfield Marine Station, British Columbia, Canada. grosellm@mcmaster.ca

Abstract

Exposure to elevated waterborne silver as AgNO3 (4.07 microM=448 microg l(-1)) in seawater resulted in osmoregulatory disturbance in the lemon sole (Parophrys vetulus). The main effects were increased plasma Na+ and Cl- concentrations which translated into increased plasma osmolality. Plasma Mg2+ levels were also slightly increased after 96 h exposure. Using radioisotopic flux measurements, a 50% reduction in branchial unidirectional Na+ extrusion was observed after 48 h silver exposure. By applying an intestinal perfusion approach, we were able to separate and thus quantify the intestinal contribution to the observed silver-induced physiological disturbance and internal silver accumulation. This analysis revealed that the intestinal contribution to silver-induced ionoregulatory toxicity was as high as 50-60%. In marked contrast, internal silver accumulation (in liver and kidney) was found to be derived exclusively from uptake across the gills. Drinking of silver-contaminated seawater resulted in substantial silver accumulation in the intestinal tissue (but apparently not silver uptake across the intestine), which probably explains the intestinal contribution to silver-induced physiological disturbance.

PMID:
11686617
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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