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J Pediatr Surg. 2001 Nov;36(11):1725-7.

Multistaged extrathoracic esophageal elongation procedure for long gap esophageal atresia: Experience with 12 patients.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study evaluates the multistaged extrathoracic esophageal elongation procedure performed on 12 babies with long gap esophageal atresia over 15 years.

METHODS:

Eight babies had pure esophageal atresia, 2 had proximal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), and 2 had distal TEF. The gaps ranged between 2 and 7 vertebral bodies. Proximal esophagostomy, TEF ligation, and gastrostomy were performed initially. The proximal esophagus is elongated 2 to 3 cm each time by translocating the esophagostomy distally along the anterior chest wall at 2- to 3-month intervals. Sham-fed milk is collected in an ostomy bag and refed via the gastrostomy. The definitive esophageal reconstruction is performed at 5 to 24 months of age.

RESULTS:

Only one elongation was required in 4 babies, 2 were needed in 5, 3 in 2, and 5 in 1 patient. All patients tolerated sham feeding well. After esophageal restoration, 3 patients had minor leakage. All (12 of 12) patients had anastomotic stenosis requiring multiple dilatations, of which, 3 needed resection of stricture. Eleven patients had gastroesophageal reflux that required fundoplication. Follow-up was possible in 11 patients for 4 months to 14 years after esophageal restoration. Seven early patients are eating normally.

CONCLUSION:

Multistaged extrathoracic esophageal elongation is effective in stretching the proximal esophagus to bridge 2 to 7 vertebral bodies.

Copyright 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company.

PMID:
11685713
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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