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Fresenius J Anal Chem. 2001 Sep;371(2):120-7.

Optical DNA-sensor chip for real-time detection of hybridization events.

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  • 1Institut fur Chemo- und Biosensorik, Münster, Germany.

Abstract

An optical sensor system based on evanescent field excitation of fluorophore-labeled DNA-targets specifically binding to immobilized DNA probes has been developed, thus enabling for real-time analysis of hybridization events. Oligonucleotide probes are directly immobilized on the surface of the disposable sensor chip via biotin/neutravidin linkage and hybridize to complementary Cy5-labeled target DNA in the sample; this is recorded as an increase in the fluorescence signal. Under optimized conditions the hybridization rate was constant and directly proportional to the target concentration. When an 18mer oligonucleotide was used as a probe a linear calibration curve was obtained for a 56mer single-stranded DNA target derived from the neomycin phosphotransferase gene, a selection marker in a variety of genetically modified plants, with an estimated lower limit of detection of 0.21 nmol L(-1). No cross-hybridization to a 51mer actin DNA target was observed and even a single-nucleotide mismatch led to a negligible signal. A shutter in the readout device enabled separate detection of targets hybridizing to probes immobilized at the inlet and outlet sides, respectively, of the flow channel. This opens a route toward a real-time DNA array format with analysis times as short as 1-2 min. As a realistic sample a Cy5-labeled 56 bp PCR product was measured after separation of the double-stranded DNA by simple heat denaturation with a detection limit clearly lower than that of traditional gel electrophoresis.

PMID:
11678181
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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