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Ann Pharmacother. 2001 Oct;35(10):1255-63.

Antimicrobial-coated/bonded and -impregnated intravascular catheters.

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  • 1College of Pharmacy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the literature regarding the prevention of catheter colonization and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBIs) with the use of antimicrobial-coated/bonded and -impregnated intravascular catheters.

DATA SOURCES:

Primary and review English-language literature were identified using MEDLINE (1966-September 2000) pertaining to the key terms antibiotic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, silver, and bonded, coated, Impregnated catheters. In addition, textbooks and relevant reference lists were reviewed.

DATA EXTRACTION:

All articles identified through the data sources were evaluated. Information deemed relevant to the objectives of the review was included.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

Significant morbidity and mortality are associated with the development of CRBIs. Preventative measures such as modification of these catheters with antimicrobial coating/bonding have produced varying results. Trials evaluating cefazolin, teicoplanin, vancomycin, silver, and chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine (C-SS) used for coated/bonded intravascular catheters have not demonstrated a consistent decrease in the incidence of CRBIs. However, a meta-analysis of trials evaluating C-SS intravascular catheters demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in CRBIs. A larger reduction in CRBIs has been reported with minocycline-rifampin (M-R) versus C-SS intravascular catheters. Use of the M-R and C-SS catheters may result in a cost savings of $100 million and reduce as many as 12,000 CRBI-related deaths annually when used short term (<7 d).

CONCLUSIONS:

When used for short-term catheterization, M-R catheters appear to be superior to the currently available C-SS catheters at preventing CRBIs. Significant cost savings and reduction in mortality can be anticipated with the use of M-R catheters.

PMID:
11675856
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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