Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Hum Reprod. 2001 Nov;7(11):1085-91.

Comparative analysis of cyclin D1 and oestrogen receptor (alpha and beta) levels in human leiomyoma and adjacent myometrium.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pécs University Medical School, Edesanyák u.13/15, Pécs, H-7624, Hungary.


The aim of these experiments was to investigate the expression of cyclin D1 and of oestradiol receptors as well as the level of [(3)H]oestradiol binding in leiomyoma and adjacent myometrium from human uteri at different menstrual phases and at an early stage of menopause. [(3)H]oestradiol binding was determined by saturation analysis, while the oestradiol receptor (ER) alpha and beta and cyclin D1 levels were determined by Western blot analysis of 16 samples of human leiomyomas and corresponding myometria at different hormonal stages. In leiomyomas during all phases of the menstrual cycle, ERalpha expression, high affinity oestradiol binding and cyclin D1 expression were all elevated in comparison with adjacent myometrium. ERbeta expression and low affinity oestradiol binding were enhanced in leiomyomas only during the proliferative phase. During menopause, ERbeta expression and low affinity binding were enhanced in leiomyomas, while the ERalpha expression was not significantly enhanced and cyclin D1 levels were similar to that in myometrium. Only the oestradiol binding exhibited any menstrual cycle-related changes. Our data suggest the involvement of cyclin D1 in the growth of leiomyomas during the menstrual cycle. In menopause, there appears to be a switch from ERalpha to ERbeta expression in leiomyomas, and the induction of cyclin D1 is decreased. The regression of tumour may ensue from these changes at menopause.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk