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Acta Astronaut. 2001 Aug-Nov;49(3-10):289-312.

Issues in deep space radiation protection.

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  • 1NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA.


The exposures in deep space are largely from the Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) for which there is as yet little biological experience. Mounting evidence indicates that conventional linear energy transfer (LET) defined protection quantities (quality factors) may not be appropriate for GCR ions. The available biological data indicates that aluminum alloy structures may generate inherently unhealthy internal spacecraft environments in the thickness range for space applications. Methods for optimization of spacecraft shielding and the associated role of materials selection are discussed. One material which may prove to be an important radiation protection material is hydrogenated carbon nanofibers.

c 2001. Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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