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Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry. 2001 Oct;6(4):241-51.

Psychosocial-immune relationships in HIV disease.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104-6196, USA.


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is now commonly viewed as a chronic disease, which often consists of a wide array of recurrent and sometimes severe psychosocial stressors. An individual's response to these multiple challenges over time may impact their health. In this article, we review research examining the relationship of psychologic factors (eg, depression, stressful life events, coping, social support) with immune system function and disease course. We also explore some of the potential physiologic pathways that may underlie these types of psychosocial-immune relationships, as well as the effects of psychologic interventions, particularly cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), on the psychosocial, neuroendocrine, and immune functioning of people living with HIV. We conclude by suggesting some areas for future research, particularly the study of HIV-positive women.

Copyright 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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