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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Dec 1;87(23):9449-53.

Reduced coenzyme F420: heterodisulfide oxidoreductase, a proton- translocating redox system in methanogenic bacteria.

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  • 1Institut für Mikrobiologie, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

Washed everted vesicles of the methanogenic bacterium strain Go1 were found to couple the F420H2-dependent heterodisulfide reduction with the transfer of protons across the membrane into the lumen of the everted vesicles. The transmembrane electrochemical potential of protons thereby generated was shown to be competent in driving ATP synthesis from ADP + Pi, exhibiting a stoichiometry of 2 H+ translocated or 0.4 ATP synthesized per F420H2 oxidized. This enzyme system exhibits the phenomenon of coupling and uncoupling and represents a different kind of electron transport chain with the heterodisulfide of 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate and 7-mercaptoheptanoylthreonine phosphate as terminal electron acceptor. The heterodisulfide and methane are formed in the methyl coenzyme M reductase reaction. The reducing equivalents are derived from reduced coenzyme F420, which represents an analogue of NADH + H+ in other respiratory chains. It is assumed that the proton-translocating oxidoreductase discovered in strain Go1 is of principal importance to all methanogenic bacteria not utilizing H2.

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