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Genetics. 2001 Oct;159(2):883-92.

A genome-wide survey of reproductive barriers in an intraspecific hybrid.

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  • 1Plant Genetics Laboratory, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540, Japan. yharushi@lab.nig.ac.jp


Genetic study of the reproductive barriers between related species plays an essential role in understanding the process of speciation. We developed a new method for mapping all possible factors causing deviations from expected Mendelian segregation ratios in F(2) progeny, which substantially contribute to reproductive isolation. A multiresponse nonlinear regression analysis of the allele frequencies of the markers covering an entire genome in the F(2) population was performed to estimate the map position and intensity of the reproductive barriers on each chromosome. In F(2) plants from a cross between a Japonica variety of rice, Nipponbare, and an Indica variety, Kasalath, the deviations of allele frequencies were well explained by 33 reproductive barriers. Of these, 15 reproductive barriers affected the allele transmission rate through the gametophyte and in 9 of these 15 cases, an Indica allele was transmitted at a higher frequency than a Japonica allele. The other 18 reproductive barriers altered the viability of the zygote via its genotype. Two zygotic reproductive barriers showed overdominance and 5 showed underdominance. The most pronounced reproductive barrier, mapped at 62.3 +/- 0.4 cM on chromosome 3, transmitted the Indica allele by 94% through the male gametophyte. The accuracy of the barrier position in the regression analysis was confirmed by progeny analysis. The regression analysis proved to be a powerful tool for detecting and characterizing every reproductive barrier, irrespective of whether it acted on the male or female gametophyte or the zygote.

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