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Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 2001 Sep;75(9):792-9.

[Evaluation of immunochromatography method for rapid detection of influenza A and B viruses].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

  • 1Yokohama City Institute of Health.

Abstract

We have evaluated a new rapid detection kit for influenza A and B viruses, known as the QuickVue Influenza test (Quidel Coporation, USA); which is based on immunochromatography using virus isolates and clinical specimens. Twelve strains of influenza A and B were tested for evaluate the reactivity and detection limits of this test. The QuickVue Influenza test showed a positive result for all twelve strains of influenza virus and a negative result for fourteen different kinds of other respiratory viruses. The detection limits for six strains were 5 to 30 pfu/ml for a cell culture, 1.0 x 10(3) to 6.0 x 10(4) pfu/ml for 1st PCR, 1 to 50 pfu/ml for nested PCR, 3.0 x 10(5) to 6.0 x 10(5) pfu/ml for the QuickVue Influenza test, 1.5 x 10(5) to 1.0 x 10(6) pfu/ml for the Directigen Flu A, and 7.5 x 10(5) to 5.0 x 10(6) pfu/ml for the FLU OIA. Furthermore, the QuickVue Influenza test were clinically evaluated using 92 throat swab specimens collected from patients with influenza-like illnesses. By cell culture, influenza viruses were detected in 49 of the 92 specimens (AH1N1: 20, AH3N2: 7, B: 22); the titers of the influenza viruses were between 2.5 pfu/ml and 7.0 x 10(5) pfu/ml. Compared to cell culture, the QuickVue Influenza test showed a sensitivity of 75.5%, a specificity of 93.0%, a positive predictive value of 92.5%, a negative predictive value of 76.9%, and an efficiency value of 83.7%. On the other hand, influenza viruses were detected in 54 of the 92 specimens (AH1N1: 19, AH 3N2: 10, B: 25) by RT-PCR. Compared to RT-PCR, the QuickVue Influenza test showed a sensitivity of 72.2%, a specificity of 97.4%, a positive predictive value of 97.5%, a negative predictive value of 71.2%, and an efficiency value of 82.6%. Overall, only one throat swab specimen produced a false positive result using the QuickVue Influenza test; thus, this test appears to have a high specificity. We conclude that the QuickVue Influenza test is a simple one-step test with a sensitivity and specificity equivalent to those of other conventional diagnostic kits. The test is useful and suitable for the diagnosis of influenza and for identifying influenza patients requiring antiviral therapy.

PMID:
11605188
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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