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J Biol Chem. 2001 Dec 28;276(52):48716-24. Epub 2001 Oct 15.

The N-terminal globular domain and the first class A amphipathic helix of apolipoprotein A-I are important for lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activation and the maturation of high density lipoprotein in vivo.

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  • 1Lipoprotein and Atherosclerosis Research Group, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario K1Y 4W7, Canada.

Abstract

To investigate the role of the N terminus of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) in the maturation of high density lipoproteins (HDL), two N-terminal mutants with deletions of residues 1-43 and 1-65 (referred to as Delta 1-43 and Delta 1-65 apoA-I) were studied. In vitro, these deletions had little effect on cellular cholesterol efflux from macrophages but LCAT activation was reduced by 50 and 70% for the Delta 1-43 and Delta 1-65 apoA-I mutants, respectively, relative to wild-type (Wt) apoA-I. To further define the role of the N terminus of apoA-I in HDL maturation, we constructed recombinant adenoviruses containing Wt apoA-I and two similar mutants with deletions of residues 7-43 and 7-65 (referred to as Delta 7-43 and Delta 7-65 apoA-I, respectively). Residues 1-6 were not removed in these mutants to allow proper cleavage of the pro-sequence in vivo. Following injection of these adenoviruses into apoA-I-deficient mice, plasma concentrations of both Delta 7-43 and Delta 7-65 apoA-I were reduced 4-fold relative to Wt apoA-I. The N-terminal deletion mutants, in particular Delta 7-65 apoA-I, were associated with greater proportions of pre beta-HDL and accumulated fewer HDL cholesteryl esters relative to Wt apoA-I. Wt and Delta 7-43 apoA-I formed predominantly alpha-migrating and spherical HDL, whereas Delta 7-65 apoA-I formed only pre beta-HDL of discoidal morphology. This demonstrates that deletion of the first class A amphipathic alpha-helix has a profound additive effect in vivo over the deletion of the globular domain alone (amino acids 1-43) indicating its important role in the production of mature alpha-migrating HDL. In summary, the combined in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate a role for the N terminus of apoA-I in lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activation and the requirement of the first class A amphipathic alpha-helix for the maturation of HDL in vivo.

PMID:
11602583
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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