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Dev Comp Immunol. 2001 Oct-Dec;25(8-9):701-11.

The non-specific cytotoxic cell receptor (NCCRP-1): molecular organization and signaling properties.

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  • 1Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. ljaso@vet.uga.edu

Abstract

The evolutionary precursor to mammalian natural killer cells in teleost fish is called non-specific cytotoxic cells (NCC). NCC collaborate with other non-specific effector mechanisms to provide innate resistance during acute stress responses. The NCC receptor protein (NCCRP-1) contains 238 amino acid residues and is believed to be a type III membrane protein with three distinct functional domains. The antigen-binding domain has been mapped to amino acids nos. 104-119. The intracellular C-terminus contains a high concentration of potential phosphorylation sites (Y, S, T). Indeed, we have shown that activation of NCC by crosslinking of NCCRP-1 leads to receptor tyrosine and serine phosphorylation. The N-terminus of the molecule is also inside the cells and has as well signature amino acids, proline-rich motifs (PRM), that are indicative of functional relevance. The cytokine/hormone receptor-like PRMs are known docking sites for JAK kinases. We have evidence that following activation, NCCRP-1 comes in contact with JAK kinase and as a result of this interaction, STAT 6 is translocated into the nucleus. These results suggest that NCCRP-1 may play a dual role in the activation of NCC: first, as an antigen recognition molecule necessary for target cell lysis, and second, as an initiator of cytokine release from NCC. Both of these processes are required for a competent innate immune response.

PMID:
11602191
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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