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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Oct;86(10):4627-9.

Galphas transcripts are biallelically expressed in the human kidney cortex: implications for pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1b.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3Z 2Z3.


Pseudohypoparathyroid type 1b patients are characterized by renal resistance to PTH in the absence of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy or other endocrine abnormalities. Kindred studies have suggested that the cause of this resistance is a specific decrease in Galphas activity in renal proximal tubules due to paternal imprinting of Galphas. To test this, allelic expression of Galphas was analyzed in human fetal kidney cortex samples by RT-PCR assays. The results showed that, in contrast to the parent-specific expression of exon 1A and XLalphas (paternal) or NESP (maternal) mRNAs, Galphas transcripts are biallelically expressed in human kidney cortex. These data implicate abnormal imprinting of alternative regions within the GNAS1 locus as a more likely cause of pseudohypoparathyroid type 1b.

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