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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2001 Oct;127(10):625-30.

Inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation and tumor-induced angiogenesis by pentoxifylline.

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  • 1Chemotherapy & Stem Cell Biology Division, Cancer Research Institute, Mumbai, India.



In this study we investigated the effect of pentoxifylline (PTX) on tumor-induced neovascularization as well as on different steps involved in the angiogenic process.


To assess angiogenesis inhibition. we injected intradermally (i.d.) 10 B16-F10 melanoma cells into C57BL/6J mice which were subsequently intraperitoneally (i.p.) inoculated with PTX or saline. On day 7 the number of blood vessels converging to the remnant of injected material was counted and the volumes of incipient tumors were calculated in each case. In vitro growth inhibition by PTX was evaluated in two different cell lines of endothelial origin and in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Motility assays, as well as zymographic assays carried out to analyze gelatinolytic metalloproteinases and urokinase-type plasminogen activator, were performed in one of the endothelial cell lines.


A significant inhibition of tumor-induced angiogenesis was observed in C57B1/6 mice i.p. inoculated with PTX, that paralleled reduced incipient tumor volumes. The endothelial cells derived from different sources were inhibited in a dose-response manner by PTX in vitro. Non-cytotoxic PTX concentrations assayed in one of the endothelial cell lines did not inhibit its in vitro cell motility nor its gelatinase secretion, but its low molecular weight urokinase-type plasminogen activator expression.


Our findings suggest that the inhibitory effect of PTX on tumor angiogenesis is related to antiproliferative action on endothelial cells, as well as to down regulation of u-PA secreted by them.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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