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World J Surg. 2001 Oct;25(10):1360-5.

Surgical therapy of iatrogenic lesions of biliary tract.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, The Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA.


Iatrogenic injuries of the biliary tract have increased in incidence over the past decade with the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Although a number of factors have been identified with a higher risk of injury (male gender, complicated gallstone disease, aberrant anatomy) and a number of technical steps have been emphasized to avoid these injuries, the incidence of bile duct injuries has reached a steady-state at least double the rate observed with open cholecystectomy. Most patients sustaining a bile duct injury are recognized in the weeks following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Careful preoperative preparation should include control of sepsis by draining any bile collections or fistulas and complete cholangiography. Long-term results are best achieved in specialized hepatobiliary centers performing biliary reconstruction with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. Success rates over 90% have been reported from several centers to date with intermediate follow-up.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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