Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Stroke. 2001 Oct;32(10):2253-8.

Association between infection with Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae and risk of ischemic stroke subtypes: Results from a population-based case-control study.

Author information

  • 1Unit for Stroke Research and Public Health Medicine, Department of Neurology, University of Erlangen, Germany. heuschmann@public-health.uni-erlangen.de



Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae have been associated epidemiologically and pathogenetically with coronary atherosclerosis. However, population-based data on chronic infection and stroke are lacking. Therefore, we investigated the association of both bacterial pathogens and ischemic stroke subtypes in a population-based case-control study.


Patients with first ischemic stroke in the population-based Erlangen Stroke Project were collected as cases. Neighborhood controls were drawn from the study population, matched for age, sex, and place of residence. IgG antibodies to H pylori were measured by enzyme immunoassay, and IgG antibodies to C pneumoniae were measured by microimmunofluorescence technique. Conditional logistic regression was used. Analyses were stratified for etiologic stroke subtypes according to Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) criteria.


A total of 145 case and 260 control subjects were included. Chronic H pylori infection was associated with a higher risk of stroke caused by small-artery occlusion (adjusted odds ratio, 3.31; 95% CI, 1.15 to 9.56) and a lower risk of cardioembolic stroke (adjusted odds ratio, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.71). Overall, elevated H pylori as well as elevated C pneumoniae antibodies were not associated with ischemic stroke.


Our population-based study does not provide evidence of any strong association between the immune response to C pneumoniae as a marker of prior infection and ischemic stroke. Further studies are required to reveal the role of chronic H pylori infection as an independent risk factor for the subgroup small-artery occlusion.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk