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Blood. 2001 Oct 15;98(8):2339-44.

Changes in AIDS-related lymphoma since the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.

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  • 1Hôpital Necker, SC4-INSERM, CHU Pitié Salpêtrière, Hôpital Rothschild, Paris, France.


HIV infection is associated with a high incidence of AIDS-related lymphomas (ARLs). Since the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the incidence of AIDS-defining illnesses has decreased, leading to a significant improvement in survival of HIV-infected patients. The consequences of HAART use on ARL are under debate. This study compared the incidence and the characteristics of ARL before and after the use of HAART in a large population of HIV-infected patients in the French Hospital Database on HIV (FHDH) and particularly in 3 centers including 145 patients with proven lymphoma. Within the FHDH, the incidence of systemic ARL has decreased between 1993-1994 and 1997-1998, from 86.0 per 10 000 to 42.9 per 10 000 person-years (P < 10(-30)). The incidence of primary brain lymphoma has also fallen dramatically between the periods, from 27.8 per 10 000 to 9.7 per 10 000 person-years (P < 10(-11)). The analysis of 145 cases of ARL in 3 hospitals showed that known HIV history was longer in the second period than in the first period among patients with systemic ARL (98 versus 75 months; P <.01). Patients had a higher number of CD4 cells at diagnosis during the second period (191 versus 63/microL, P = 10(-3)). Survival of patients with systemic ARL also increased between the periods (from 6 to 20 months; P =.004). Therefore, the profile of ARL has changed since the era of HAART, with a lower incidence of systemic and brain ARL. The prognosis of systemic ARL has improved.

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