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J Biol Chem. 1979 Nov 10;254(21):10592-5.

Evidence for the presence of two separate protein activators for the enzymic hydrolysis of GM1 and GM2 gangliosides.

Abstract

Two different protein activators were isolated simultaneously from human liver for the enzymic hydrolysis of GM1 (Gal beta 1 leads to 3GalNAc beta 1 leads to 4Gal(3 comes from 2 alpha NeuAc)beta 1 leads to 4Glc-Cer) by beta-galactosidase and GM2 (GalNAc beta 1 leads to 4Gal(3 comes from 2 alpha NeuAc)beta 1 leads to 4Glc-Cer) by beta-hexosaminidase A. The hydrolysis of GM1 is stimulated only by the GM1-specific activator which has very little effect on the hydrolysis of GM2. The same is also true for the hydrolysis of GM2. The antiserum raised against GM1 activator did not cross-react with GM2 activator and vice versa. These results suggest the presence of two different activators for the separate hydrolysis of GM1 and GM2. In connection with the enzymic hydrolysis of GM1 and GM2, we found that the hydrolysis of GM2 by human hepatic beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase A was severely inhibited by a buffer of high ionic strength, whereas no such inhibition was observed in the hydrolysis of GM1 by beta-galactosidase.

PMID:
115863
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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