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Pediatrics. 2001 Oct;108(4):943-8.

Respiratory infections in infants: interaction of parental allergy, child care, and siblings-- The PIAMA study.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Sophia Children's Hospital, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



To investigate the association between contacts with other children and the development of respiratory infections in the first year of life in children with or without genetic predisposition for allergy.


Children (n = 4146) who participate in a prospective birth cohort study (Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy study) were investigated. Questionnaires were used to obtain information on doctor-diagnosed upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), child care attendance, having siblings, family history of allergic disease, and various potential confounders.


Child care attendance in the first year of life was associated with doctor-diagnosed URTI (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.1-3.4 for large child care facility vs no child care) and doctor-diagnosed LRTI (AOR: 5.6; 95% CI: 3.9-7.9). Having siblings was associated with doctor-diagnosed LRTI (AOR: 2.6; 95% CI: 2.0-3.4). In addition, children who have allergic parents and attend child care or have older siblings have a higher risk of developing doctor-diagnosed LRTI than do children who have nonallergic parents.


Child care attendance or having siblings increases the risk of developing doctor-diagnosed LRTI in the first year of life to a greater extent in allergy-prone children than in children who are not allergy prone.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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