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Br J Psychiatry. 2001 Oct;179:308-16.

Depressive disorders in Europe: prevalence figures from the ODIN study.

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  • 1University Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, University of Cantabria, Avd Valdecilla s/n, Santander 39008, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This is the first report on the epidemiology of depressive disorders from the European Outcome of Depression International Network (ODIN) study.

AIMS:

To assess the prevalence of depressive disorders in randomly selected samples of the general population in five European countries.

METHOD:

The study was designed as a cross-sectional two-phase community study using the Beck Depression inventory during Phase 1, and the Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry during Phase 2.

RESULTS:

An analysis of the combined sample (n=8.764) gave an overall prevalence of depressive disorders of 8.56% (95% CI 7.05-10.37). The figures were 10.05% (95% CI 7.80-12.85) for women and 6.61% (95% CI 4.92-8.83) for men. The centres fall into three categories: high prevalence (urban Ireland and urban UK), low prevalence (urban Spain) and medium prevalence (the remaining sites).

CONCLUSIONS:

Depressive disorder is a highly prevalent condition in Europe. The major finding is the wide difference in the prevalence of depressive disorders found across the study sites.

Comment in

PMID:
11581110
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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