Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Anaesth. 2001 Jan;86(1):122-4.

Influence of head and neck position on cuff position and oropharyngeal sealing pressure with the laryngeal mask airway in children.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Yokohama, Japan.


We studied how head and neck position affect the cuff position and oropharyngeal sealing pressures of the laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) in children. We studied 39 non-paralyzed healthy children aged 1.5-8.0 yr, weighing 10.3-27.0 kg, managed with size 2 or 2.5 LMAs during elective surgery. Head and neck movements did not adversely affect airway patency in 97% of patients. One child developed apparent airway obstruction with head and neck flexion, which was relieved in the neutral position. Oropharyngeal sealing pressure was significantly greater during neck flexion compared with the neutral position (P<0.02). Fibreoptic examination revealed that the epiglottis covered a larger area of the LMA aperture during neck flexion, compared with the neutral position (P<0.02).

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk