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Gerontologist. 2001 Oct;41(5):643-51.

Profile of discrete emotions in affective disorders in older primary care patients.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, New York, USA. Larry_Seidlitz@hotmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This research examined whether the frequencies of specific emotions are associated with major and minor depression in older primary care patients.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Older primary care patients (N = 146), prescreened with a depression questionnaire, completed a diagnostic interview and an emotions questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Controlling for age, sex, and other psychiatric and medical illnesses, major depressives differed from nondepressed controls in nine emotions; minor depressives differed from controls in four emotions. Major depressives differed from the controls more in sadness, joy, and interest--but not anger, fear, or guilt--than in comparison sets of emotions. Minor depressives differed from the controls more in sadness and inner-directed hostility--but not guilt, anger, fear, joy, or interest--than in comparison sets of emotions.

IMPLICATIONS:

The frequencies of discrete emotions are differentially associated with major and minor depression; future research is needed to determine their specific diagnostic and treatment implications.

PMID:
11574709
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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