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FEBS Lett. 2001 Sep 14;505(2):259-63.

Age-related loss of skeletal muscle function and the inability to express the autocrine form of insulin-like growth factor-1 (MGF) in response to mechanical overload.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Royal Free Campus, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK.


The response of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signalling and the capacity of skeletal muscle to adapt to mechanical overload was studied using synergistic muscle ablation. Overload of the plantaris and soleus resulted in marked hypertrophy and activation of satellite cells (as indicated by MyoD expression), particularly in young rats. Two muscle IGF-1 splice variants were measured and found to be differentially regulated at the RNA level. The significant changes associated with the inability of the older muscles to respond to mechanical overload included the considerably lower expression of the local splice variant mechano growth factor, and the failure to up-regulate IGF-1 receptor and MyoD mRNA.

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