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Mol Cell Biol. 2001 Oct;21(20):6939-50.

Membrane raft-dependent regulation of phospholipase Cgamma-1 activation in T lymphocytes.

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  • 1Laboratory of Immunobiology, Division of Monoclonal Antibodies, Center for Biologics Evaluation & Research, National Institute o f Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Numerous signaling molecules associate with lipid rafts, either constitutively or after engagement of surface receptors. One such molecule, phospholipase Cgamma-1 (PLCgamma1), translocates from the cytosol to lipid rafts during T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. To investigate the role played by lipid rafts in the activation of this molecule in T cells, an influenza virus hemagglutinin A (HA)-tagged PLCgamma1 was ectopically expressed in Jurkat T cells and targeted to these microdomains by the addition of a dual-acylation signal. Raft-targeted PLCgamma1 was constitutively tyrosine phosphorylated and induced constitutive NF-AT-dependent transcription and interleukin-2 secretion in Jurkat cells. Tyrosine phosphorylation of raft-targeted PLCgamma1 did not require Zap-70 or the interaction with the adapters Lat and Slp-76, molecules that are necessary for TCR signaling. In contrast, the Src family kinase Lck was required. Coexpression in HEK 293T cells of PLCgamma1-HA with Lck or the Tec family kinase Rlk resulted in preferential phosphorylation of raft-targeted PLCgamma1 over wild-type PLCgamma1. These data show that localization of PLCgamma1 in lipid rafts is sufficient for its activation and demonstrate a role for lipid rafts as microdomains that dynamically segregate and integrate PLCgamma1 with other signaling components.

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