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J Biol Chem. 2001 Dec 7;276(49):45530-8. Epub 2001 Sep 19.

Critical roles of a cyclic AMP responsive element and an E-box in regulation of mouse renin gene expression.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA.


Mouse As4.1 cells, obtained after transgene-targeted oncogenesis to induce neoplasia in renal renin expressing cells, express high levels of renin mRNA from their endogenous Ren-1(c) gene. We have previously identified a 242-base pair enhancer (coordinates -2866 to -2625 relative to the CAP site) upstream of the mouse Ren-1(c) gene. This enhancer, in combination with the proximal promoter (-117 to +6), activates transcription nearly 2 orders of magnitude in an orientation independent fashion. To further delimit sequences necessary for transcriptional activation, renin promoter-luciferase reporter gene constructs containing selected regions of the Ren-1(c) enhancer were analyzed after transfection into As4.1 cells. These results demonstrate that several regions are required for full enhancer activity. Sequences from -2699 to -2672, which are critical for the enhancer activity, contain a cyclic AMP responsive element (CRE) and an E-box. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated that transcription factors CREB/CREM and USF1/USF2 in As4.1 cell nuclear extracts bind to oligonucleotides containing the Ren-1(c) CRE and E-box, respectively. These two elements are capable of synergistically activating transcription from the Ren-1(c) promoter. Moreover, mutation of either the CRE or E-box results in almost complete loss of enhancer activity, suggesting the critical roles these two elements play in regulating mouse Ren-1(c) gene expression. Although the Ren-1(c) gene contains a CRE, its expression is not induced by cAMP in As4.1 cells. This appears to reflect constitutive activation of protein kinase A in As4.1 cells since treatment with the protein kinase A inhibitor, H-89, caused a significant reduction in Ren-1(c) gene expression and this reduction is mediated through the CRE at -2699 to -2688.

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