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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Sep 28;287(3):746-51.

Subcellular distribution and function of Rab3A-D in pancreatic acinar AR42J cells.

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  • 1Department of Medicine II, University of Frankfurt/Main, Frankfurt, 60590, Germany. Piiper@em.uni-frankfurt.de

Abstract

Members of the Rab3 subfamily have been linked to the regulation of exocytosis in secretory cells. We have recently shown by Northern blot analysis that pancreatic acinar-like AR42J cells express all four Rab3 isoforms (Rab3A-D). In the present study, we examined the subcellular distribution of endogenously expressed Rab3 proteins and their relation to the amylase-containing secretory compartment in dexamethasone-differentiated AR42J cells. Rab3A and Rab3C were enriched in the cytosol, Rab3B and Rab3D in the membrane fraction. Accordingly, confocal immunocytochemistry revealed that Rab3B and Rab3D were located in a compartment close to the plasma membrane, whereas anti-Rab3A and Rab3C mainly stained the cytosol. Sucrose density gradient centrifugation showed overlapping, but distinct localization of each Rab3 isoform. The order of banding from lighter to more dense fractions was Rab3C < Rab3A < Rab3B < Rab3D. All Rab3 proteins at least partially colocalized with amylase immunoreactivity. Transient overexpression of Rab3 proteins showed that Rab3A inhibited cholecystokinin (CCK)-induced amylase secretion, whereas overexpression of other Rab3 isoforms had no significant effect. In conclusion, our data indicate that the different Rab3 proteins show distinct subcellular distribution, suggesting different impact on exocrine secretory response in dexamethasone-differentiated AR42J cells.

Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

PMID:
11563859
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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