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J Sports Sci. 2001 Oct;19(10):777-809.

Research methods in sport and exercise psychology: quantitative and qualitative issues.

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  • 1Department of Physical Education, Sports Science and Recreation Management, Loughborough University, UK. s.j.h.biddle@lboro.ac.uk


Contemporary aspects of research methods in sport and exercise psychology are discussed in this wide-ranging review. After an introduction centred on trends in sport and exercise psychology methods, the review is organized around the major themes of quantitative and qualitative research. Our aim is to highlight areas that may be problematic or controversial (e.g. stepwise statistical procedures), underused (e.g. discriminant analysis), increasingly used (e.g. meta-analysis, structural equation modelling, qualitative content analysis) and emergent (e.g. realist tales of writing). Perspectives range from the technical and speculative to the controversial and critical. While deliberately not providing a 'cookbook' approach to research methods, we hope to provide enough material to help researchers to appreciate the diversity of potential methods and to adopt a more critical perspective in their own research consumption and production.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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