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J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 16;276(46):42994-3003. Epub 2001 Sep 17.

Integrin-linked kinase controls neurite outgrowth in N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Obihiro School of Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan.


Mouse N1E-115 cells grown on a laminin matrix exhibit neurite outgrowth in response to serum deprivation. Treatment of cells with an antibody against beta(1) integrin inhibits neurite outgrowth. Thus, beta(1) integrin is involved in the neuritogenesis of N1E-115 cells on a laminin matrix. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK), a recently identified cytoplasmic serine/threonine protein kinase that binds to the cytoplasmic domain of beta(1) integrin, has an important role in transmembrane signal transduction via integrins. We report that ILK is expressed in N1E-115 cells, the expression levels of which are constant under both normal and differentiating conditions. A stable transfection of a kinase-deficient mutant of ILK (DN-ILK) results in inhibition of neurite outgrowth in serum-starved N1E-115 cells grown on laminin. On the other hand, a transient expression of wild type ILK stimulated neurite outgrowth. The ILK activity in the parental cells was transiently activated after seeding on the laminin matrix, whereas that in the DN-ILK-transfected cells was not. These results suggest that transient activation of ILK is required for neurite outgrowth in serum-starved N1E-115 cells on laminin. Under the same conditions, p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, but neither MAP kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK) nor extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), was transiently activated after N1E-115 cell attachment to laminin, but not in the DN-ILK-expressed cells. The time course of p38 MAP kinase activation was very similar to that of ILK activation. Furthermore, a p38 MAP kinase inhibitor, SB203580, significantly blocked neurite outgrowth. Thus, activation of p38 MAP kinase is involved in ILK-mediated signal transduction leading to integrin-dependent neurite outgrowth in N1E-115 cells.

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