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J Biol Chem. 2001 Dec 21;276(51):47906-13. Epub 2001 Sep 17.

Differential regulation of Rho and Rac through heterotrimeric G-proteins and cyclic nucleotides.

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  • 1Pharmakologisches Institut, Universit├Ąt Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 366, Heidelberg 69120, Germany.


Platelets were used to study the activation of Rho and Rac through G-protein-coupled receptors and its regulation by cyclic nucleotides. The thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) mimetic rapidly activated both small GTPases independently of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) activation., which leads to the activation of G(12)/G(13) and G(q) did not induce Rac activation in G alpha(q)-deficient platelets but was able to activate Rho, to stimulate actin polymerization and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate formation, and to induce shape change. Rac activation by in wild-type platelets could be blocked by chelation of intracellular Ca(2+) and was partially sensitive to apyrase and AR-C69931MX, an antagonist of the G(i)-coupled ADP receptor. Cyclic AMP, which completely blocks platelet function, inhibited the -induced activation of G(q) and G(12)/G(13) as well as of Rac and Rho. In contrast, cGMP, which has no effect on platelet shape change blocked only activation of G(q) and Rac. These data demonstrate that Rho and Rac are differentially regulated through heterotrimeric G-proteins. The G(12)/G(13)-mediated Rho activation is involved in the shape change response, whereas Rac is activated through G(q) and is not required for shape change. Cyclic AMP and cGMP differentially interfere with -induced Rho and Rac activation at least in part by selective effects on the regulation of individual G-proteins through the TXA(2) receptor.

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