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JAMA. 2001 Sep 19;286(11):1331-9.

Long-term weight loss with sibutramine: a randomized controlled trial.

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  • 1Teutoburger-Wald-Klinik, Teutoburger-Wald-Strasse 33, Bad Rothenfelde, 49214 Germany. wirthbr@t-online.de

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Treatment of obesity requires long-term therapy, which can be hampered by difficulties in achieving patient compliance. The effectiveness of sibutramine hydrochloride in treating obesity has been shown in randomized controlled trials.

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the effectiveness of 2 distinct sibutramine regimens with each other and with placebo for weight reduction among obese persons.

DESIGN:

Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group placebo-controlled trial from April 1997 to September 1998.

SETTING:

One hundred eight private practices and 3 outpatient departments of university hospitals in Germany.

PATIENTS:

A total of 1102 obese adults (body mass index, 30-40 kg/m(2)) entered the 4-week open-label run-in period with 15 mg/d of sibutramine, 1001 of whom had weight loss of at least 2% or 2 kg were randomized into the 44-week randomized treatment period.

INTERVENTIONS:

Patients were randomly assigned to receive 15 mg/d of sibutramine continuously throughout weeks 1-48 (n = 405); 15 mg/d of sibutramine intermittently during weeks 1-12, 19-30, and 37-48, with placebo during all other weeks (n = 395); or placebo for weeks 5-48 (n = 201).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Weight loss during the randomized treatment period, compared among all 3 groups.

RESULTS:

Mean weight loss in the intention-to-treat population during the 44-week randomized treatment period was 3.8 kg (4.0%) in patients receiving continuous therapy (95% confidence interval [CI], - 4.42 to - 3.20 kg) and was 3.3 kg (3.5%) in patients receiving intermittent therapy (95% CI, - 3.96 to - 2.66 kg), vs a mean weight gain of 0.2 kg (0.2%) (95% CI, - 0.60 to 0.94 kg) in patients receiving placebo. Therapeutic equivalence of the 2 active treatments could be shown. Although there was a greater weight loss in the continuous than in the intermittent group, this difference was nonsignificant (P =.28) and the 95% CIs were within the predefined range of therapeutic equivalence-0 +/-1.5 kg (-1.37 to 0.28 for the intent-to-treat population). Overall weight loss during the 48-week period was 7.9 kg and 7.8 kg in the continuous and intermittent groups, respectively, but was 3.8 kg in the sibutramine run-in placebo group. Waist circumference reduction, triglyceride levels, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations were also positively influenced by sibutramine treatment. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were stable across all 3 groups. Overall, adverse events occurred at similar frequencies across all treatment groups, but the proportion was lowest in the group receiving intermittent therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sibutramine, administered for 48 weeks to a typically obese population, results in clinically relevant weight loss compared with placebo. Regarding effectiveness, continuous and intermittent sibutramine therapies are equivalent and the safety profiles for both treatments are comparable.

Comment in

PMID:
11560538
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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