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J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 16;276(46):43471-81. Epub 2001 Sep 12.

Binding of 14-3-3beta regulates the kinase activity and subcellular localization of testicular protein kinase 1.

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  • 1Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.


Testicular protein kinase 1 (TESK1) is a serine/threonine kinase that phosphorylates cofilin and induces actin cytoskeletal reorganization. The kinase activity of TESK1 is stimulated by integrin-mediated signaling pathways, but the mechanism of regulation has remained unknown. By using the yeast two-hybrid system, we identified 14-3-3beta to be the binding protein of TESK1. Specific interaction between TESK1 and 14-3-3beta became evident in in vitro and in vivo co-precipitation assays. 14-3-3beta interacts with TESK1 through the C-terminal region of TESK1 and in a manner dependent on the phosphorylation of Ser-439 within an RXXSXP motif. Binding of 14-3-3beta inhibited the kinase activity of TESK1. During cell spreading on fibronectin, the TESK1/14-3-3beta interaction significantly decreased, in a time course that inversely correlated with increase in TESK1 kinase activity. Thus, the dissociation of 14-3-3beta from a TESK1/14-3-3beta complex is likely to be involved in the integrin-mediated TESK1 activation. In HeLa cells, TESK1, together with 14-3-3beta, accumulated at the cell periphery when cells were plated on fibronectin, whereas they were diffusely distributed in the cytoplasm in the case of non-stimulated cells. We propose that 14-3-3beta plays important roles in regulating the kinase activity of TESK1 and localizing TESK1 to cell adhesion sites following integrin stimulation.

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