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Diabetes Metab. 2001 Sep;27(4 Pt 1):459-64.

Evaluation of microcomputer nutritional teaching games in 1,876 children at school.

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  • 1Service de Diabétologie-Maladies Métaboliques-Nutrition, CHU Rangueil, 1, avenue Jean Poulhès, 31403, Toulouse Cedex 4. turnin.mc@chu-toulouse.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We evaluated in a prospective study microcomputer nutritional teaching games and their contribution to the children's acquisition of nutritional knowledge and improvement of eating habits.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

One thousand eight hundred seventy-six children aged 7-12 years took part in this study at school. All 16 schools of the same school district were randomized into two groups: games group and control group, both receiving conventional nutritional teaching by their teachers. The children in the games group played computer games during the conventional nutritional teaching period (2 hours a week for 5 weeks). At completion of the study, dietetic knowledge and dietary records were evaluated in both groups.

RESULTS:

Dietary knowledge tests results were better in the games group (p<0.001). The children in the games group had a significantly better balanced diet for an energy intake of about 1900 kilocalories: more carbohydrate (46.4 +/- 0.2% vs 45.7 +/- 0.2%, p<0.05), less fat (37.1 +/- 0.1% vs 37.6 +/- 0.2%, p<0.05), less protein (16.5 +/- 0.1% vs 16.7 +/- 0.1%, p<0.05), less saccharose (11.5 +/- 0.1% vs 12.2 +/- 0.2%, p<0.001), more calcium (p<0.001) and more fiber (p<0.05). The games group had a better snack at 10 a.m., a less copious lunch and less nibbling (p<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

The children in the games group had slightly but significantly better nutritional knowledge and dietary intake compared to children in the control group. Using our micro computer nutritional teaching games at school provides an additional and modern support to conventional teaching.

PMID:
11547219
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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