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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001 Sep;108(3):417-23.

Immunostimulatory DNA inhibits IL-4-dependent IgE synthesis by human B cells.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, The Sam and Rose Stein Institute for Aging, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0663, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Immunostimulatory sequence oligodeoxynucleotide (ISS-ODN) is a potent antiallergic immunomodulating agent in mice. However, few studies have addressed its antiallergic potential in human subjects.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to determine whether a phosphoro-thioate ISS-ODN could inhibit IL-4-dependent IgE synthesis by human B cells.

METHODS:

Initially, nonatopic- and atopic-donor PBMCs were incubated with ISS-ODN or mutated oligodeoxynucleotide, and cytokine production and B-cell expression of IFN-gamma receptor and IL-4 receptor were measured by using ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively. In subsequent studies atopic-donor PBMCs were incubated with IL-4 alone or with ISS-ODN or mutated oligodeoxynucleotide. After 14 days, IgE production and IgM, IgG, and IgA production were determined by using ELISA. In select IgE studies cytokines were neutralized with mAbs.

RESULTS:

ISS-ODN induced IL-12, IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, IL-10, and IL-6 production from both nonatopic- and atopic-donor PBMCs. ISS-ODN also increased IFN-gamma receptor and inhibited IL-4 receptor expression on B cells from both donor populations. Furthermore, ISS-ODN inhibited IL-4-dependent IgE production by atopic-donor PBMCs. Neutralization of IL-12, IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-10, but not IL-6, attenuated the inhibitory activity of ISS-ODN on IgE production. In contrast to its inhibition of IgE synthesis, ISS-ODN stimulated the production of IgM, IgG, and IgA.

CONCLUSION:

These in vitro studies demonstrate that phos-phorothioate ISS-ODN elicits an innate immune response by PBMCs, which inhibits IL-4-dependent IgE synthesis. In addition, these results provide further support for consideration of ISS-ODN therapy for the treatment of allergic disease in clinical practice.

PMID:
11544462
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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