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J Immunol. 2001 Sep 15;167(6):3174-81.

Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule is expressed on CD40 ligand-activated dendritic cells and directly augments production of inflammatory cytokines.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Molecular Biology Institute, University of California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) comprise a key part of the innate immune system that, upon activation, profoundly influences the nature of the adaptive T cell response. In this study, we present evidence that signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM), a molecule first identified in activated T and B cells, is strongly up-regulated in DC activated through CD40, as well as in response to inflammatory stimuli, including polyinosinic polycytidylic acid and LPS. mRNA encoding both membrane-bound and soluble secreted isoforms of SLAM was detected in CD40 ligand-activated DC, comprising two of the four known SLAM isoforms. Expression of membrane-bound SLAM protein peaked at 12 h poststimulation with CD40 ligand, gradually returning to baseline levels after 6 days. SLAM up-regulation appears to be a direct result of the induction of DC maturation, as inflammatory cytokines released during this process do not affect SLAM expression. Functionally, engagement of SLAM enhances DC production of IL-12 and IL-8, while having no effect on production of IL-10. Because SLAM is involved in the activation of T cells, the expression of SLAM on DC may provide a bidirectional signaling mechanism in which interacting DC and T cells are simultaneously and synergistically activated to mount proinflammatory Th1 responses.

PMID:
11544303
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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