Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 2001 Sep 15;358(Pt 3):539-46.

Human glycosaminoglycan glucuronyltransferase I gene and a related processed pseudogene: genomic structure, chromosomal mapping and characterization.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Higashinada-ku, Kobe 658-8558, Japan.


Here we describe the characterization of the human glycosaminoglycan glucuronyltransferase I gene (GlcAT-I) and a related pseudogene. The GlcAT-I gene was localized to human chromosome 11q12-q13 by in situ hybridization of metaphase chromosomes. GlcAT-I spanned 7 kb of human genomic DNA and was divided into five exons. Northern blot analysis showed that GlcAT-I exhibited ubiquitous but markedly different expressions in the human tissues examined. The GlcAT-I promoter was approx. 3-fold more active in a melanoma cell line than in a hepatoma cell line, providing evidence for the differential regulation of the gene's expression. Stepwise 5' deletions of the promoter identified a strong enhancer element between -303 and -153 bp that included binding motifs for Ets, CREB (cAMP-response-element-binding protein) and STAT (signal transducers and activators of transcription). Screening of a human genomic library identified one additional distinct genomic clone containing an approx. 1.4 kb sequence region that shared an overall 95.3% nucleotide identity with exons 1-5 of GlcAT-I. However, a lack of intron sequences, as well as the presence of several nucleotide mutations, insertions and deletions that disrupted the potential GlcAT-I reading frame, suggested that the clone contained a processed pseudogene. The pseudogene was localized to chromosome 3. The human genome therefore contains two related GlcAT-I genes that are located on separate chromosomes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk