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EMBO J. 2001 Sep 3;20(17):4684-93.

Ski7p G protein interacts with the exosome and the Ski complex for 3'-to-5' mRNA decay in yeast.

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  • 1Department of Physiological Chemistry, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.


Two cytoplasmic mRNA-decay pathways have been characterized in yeast, and both are initiated by shortening of the 3'-poly(A) tail. In the major 5'-to-3' decay pathway, the deadenylation triggers removal of the 5'-cap, exposing the transcript body for 5'-to-3' degradation. An alternative 3'-to-5' decay pathway also follows the deadenylation and requires two multi-complexes: the exosome containing various 3'-exonucleases and the Ski complex consisting of the RNA helicase Ski2p, Ski3p and Ski8p. In addition, Ski7p, which has an N-terminal domain and a C-terminal elongation factor 1alpha-like GTP-binding domain, is involved in the 3'-to-5' decay. However, physical interaction between the exosome and the Ski complex, together with the function of Ski7p, has remained unknown. Here we report that the N domain of Ski7p is required and sufficient for the 3'-to-5' decay. Furthermore, the exosome and the Ski complex interact with the different regions of Ski7p N domain, and both interactions are required for the 3'-to-5' decay. Thus, Ski7p G protein appears to function as a signal-coupling factor between the two multi-complexes operating in the 3'-to-5' mRNA-decay pathway.

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