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Hum Reprod. 2001 Sep;16(9):1875-9.

Rescue of IVF cycles by HMG in pituitary down-regulated normogonadotrophic young women characterized by a poor initial response to recombinant FSH.

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  • 1Dipartimento Clinico di Emergenza Ostetrica, Ginecologica e Medicina della Riproduzione, Area Funzionale di Medicina della Riproduzione ed Endoscopia Ginecologica, Universit√† degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy.



The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of adding human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) during controlled ovarian stimulation in normoovulatory normogonadotrophic patients showing an initial suboptimal response to a standardized long protocol therapy with recombinant FSH (rFSH) (300 IU/day).


A total of 43 such patients were randomized in two groups. In Group A, 150 IU rFSH was substituted by 150 IU HMG after day 8 of stimulation. The stimulation protocol of Group B involved a simple increase of the daily rFSH dose to 375 IU after day 8. A total of 40 BMI and age matched patients with an optimal ovarian response formed the control group (Group C).


The mean Group A serum concentration of oestradiol on the day of HCG administration and average number of oocytes retrieved were significantly higher than Group B (P < 0.001) and equivalent to Group C. A total of 10 pregnancies (50%) in Group A, 8 (34.8%) in Group B and 19 (47.5%) in the control group were achieved.


The data suggest that LH supplementation improves the ovarian outcome in patients characterized by an inadequate initial response to rFSH therapy in a long protocol.

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