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Am J Public Health. 2001 Sep;91(9):1446-8.

Drug prices and emergency department mentions for cocaine and heroin.

Author information

  • Carnegie Mellon University, H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. caulkins@rand.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In this report, the author illustrates the historic relation between retail drug prices and emergency department mentions for cocaine and heroin.

METHODS:

Price series based on the Drug Enforcement Administration's System to Retrieve Information From Drug Evidence database were correlated with data on emergency department mentions from the DrugAbuse Warning Network for cocaine (1978-1996) and heroin (1981-1996).

RESULTS:

A simple model in which emergency department mentions are driven by only prices explains more than 95% of the variation in emergency department mentions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fluctuations in prices are an important determinant of adverse health outcomes associated with drugs.

Comment in

PMID:
11527779
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1446802
Free PMC Article

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